ALL ABOUT CHONGQING DOG: ANCIENT CHINESE BULLDOG
– [Voiceover] Dogumentary TV,
producing the best breed
documentaries on YouTube.
(soothing Chinese music)
– Hi, I’m Richard.
– And I’m Laura with the
Chongqing Dog Project.
(upbeat global music)
The Chongqing Dog Project is
the first breeding program
to establish the Chongqing
dog within the United States.
The Chongqing dog is an ancient breed
that’s thought to have been around
for over 2,000 years since
the Han Dynasty in China,
but recently, numbers had dropped
to under 300 dogs overall.
So a preservation effort was started
to begin to rebuild the
breed, and since then,
there’s been a lot of breed recognition,
effort made to establish a breed
club for the dogs in China,
and an interest in the breed that’s been
spreading across the world.
The Chongqing dog comes in three sizes.
The small size is going to be
about 35 centimeters or less,
the medium size from 35 to 45
centimeters at the withers,
and the large size, 45 centimeters
or up from the withers.
And each different size is used
to hunt prey appropriate for that size.
The smaller dogs will hunt rabbits,
woodchucks, stuff like that.
The medium-sized dogs
can hunt badgers, foxes.
And the larger dogs can
actually hunt deer or boar.
– Chongqing dog is named
from the province in China
where it originates from, which
is the Chongqing province.
– [Laura] The Chongqing dog
was bred as a working dog,
a functional working
dog that had to be able
to do a job and perform it well,
so they’re bred to physically be able to
meet the demands of a
hunting dog that’s active,
that has good endurance, good
stamina, and is very powerful,
and also to carry the recognizable traits
that define the breed,
the upright, pointed,
and the bamboo shoot tail.
The bamboo shoot tail, it’ll start
very, very thick at the base and then
taper down to a point at the end.
– The Chongqing dog was primarily used
by farmers to eliminate
predators and small vermin.
The larger dogs were used
as somewhat of a catch dog
to hunt larger boar and deer.
The Chongqing dog is
capable of working singly
or in a pack with multiple
dogs to take down larger prey.
– The Chongqing dog
serves as a hunting dog.
It also serves as a watchdog for
farmers and their families at home.
It’s a very alert, attentive dog.
It will alert to any visitors or intruders
that show up at your home uninvited,
but it’s not necessarily an
extremely strong guard dog,
so very much of a watch
dog, it’s very alert,
it has a very high prey drive.
Not so much of a guard dog as in
having a very high defense drive.
The defense drive on the
dogs is moderately low,
meaning if somebody shows up
and breaks into your house
and starts beating you over the head,
your dog’s not necessarily going to
come running to your defense,
but the watchfulness and the
alert nature is very high,
meaning your dog’s
probably gonna recognize
the intruder’s presence before they ever
actually make it into your house.
The first standard for the Chongqing dog
was written by the Chinese
Chongqing Dog Club,
and with that group, an effort was started
to preserve the breed, to
start tracking pedigrees,
registration, and recognition
for the breed itself.
With the advancement of
that, the breed has moved
to look for recognition from the CKU,
which is the Chinese Kennel Union.
With that progress being
made, the standard had to be
rewritten to meet FCI standards,
or FCI guidelines, I should say.
With the rewriting of the standard,
it was changed to two separate breeds,
so the Chongqing dog was divided to
one type of dog that was recognized
with a larger head type, a
wider, more square muzzle,
and an underbite, a more
powerful, compact, strong,
muscled body, and that dog
is called the Chongqing dog.
The other variation on the breed is a dog
with a narrower head
type and a leaner body
that is much more
functional as a working dog.
It’s a little more lean,
a little more athletic,
has a little bit more endurance,
and that breed has been
classified as a Chuandong Hound.
So basically, we started
with one breed that did have
two notable differences
in head type and function,
and with the revisions or
rewriting of the standard
for FCI guidelines, it’s now been split
into two different breeds.
The Chongqing dog is a
working breed of dog.
They’ve been bred for decades for natural
form and function to do a job,
which means that the dogs that were
bred together were the dogs
that were physically fit
and able to best perform in the areas
they were wanted to perform in,
but they weren’t necessarily bred to
an ideal, exact standard.
This means that while you
have a good working dog,
you will see a lot of
variation in the type.
You’ll see variation in head, you’ll see
variation in the body and the structure,
and there’s not nearly
the amount of consistency
in a newly established,
in a breed that’s being
newly established, being
bred to a standard,
that you would see later on, once you have
several generations of consistent
type being bred into them.
What you do have is a good
assortment of solid working dogs
with good drive that are very easily able
to do the job they were bred to do,
but it’s going to take several generations
of selective breeding,
choosing the dogs that
most ideally fit the
standard, to be able to
narrow that down to where you produce
litters that consistently produce
one type of dog, visually.
So right now, you can breed one litter
and you can get some dogs with
wide, square heads and square muzzles.
You can also get some
dogs in the same litter
that have the hound-type heads, you know,
narrower heads, longer muzzles,
and the leaner body structure as well.
The beginning of the
process for registration
with the FCI right now through the CKU
allows for each breeder to individually
look at both standards,
evaluate their breeding stock,
and make the selection whether their dogs
fit the standard for Chongqing dogs
or fit the standard for Chuandong hounds.
Now, once they make that selection
to register their individual dogs,
beyond that, every dog that is produced
by that initial registered dog
is registered under that same breed name.
The CKU standard calls for a breed
that is sturdy and compact, very lean,
very muscular, and extremely powerful.
In fact, they’re often called “explosive”
in definitions of their character.
The recognizable attributes for the breed
are upright, triangular-shaped ears,
what’s called a bamboo shoot tail,
which is very, very thick at the base
and then tapers to a point at the tip,
and often, a very sparse hair coat as well
to help with cooling during the summer,
or when it’s hot and the
dog is actively hunting.
Slightly undershot in
bite, very wide, square,
and powerful in the muzzle
and head, but also balanced.
One of the key points in the ideal dog
that we’re looking to produce
with the Chongqing Dog Project
is a recognizably powerful, correct dog
that’s not over-bred to the point
where extreme type becomes detrimental
to the dog’s health and function.
– [Richard] One of the things
that originally drew us
to this breed was finding a
smaller dog that possessed
the presence and substance
of a larger Molosser breed.
– And we thought it’d
be a very challenging
and rewarding project to
become involved with the breed,
to do a lot more research on them,
to import the first ones to
come to the United States
with the purpose of beginning
to establish the breed here.
There’s a lot of work that’ll go into it,
and it’ll be very time-consuming and…
It’ll be very time-consuming
and take a lot to get there,
but it’ll be very rewarding
in the long run as well.
With the Chongqing Dog
Project, we believe that
teamwork is vitally
important to our success.
The overall project is
a collaborative effort
between ourselves and a small number
of other dedicated breeders who all
participate together in
starting to establish
a well-bred, healthy,
very consistent foundation
for the Chongqing dogs
within the United States.
As part of the way that we do this,
from each litter that’s
bred, we will select
our very best puppies, the ones that are
most physically representative of
correct breed type to the new standard,
as well as strong in
temperament and characteristics
and the drive that the dogs should have,
and we use those to move
our breeding program
forward a next generation.
The remaining dogs from each
litter are placed as pets.
They’re still wonderful companions,
they may not be quite as ideal
in certain physical areas of type or bite,
or small areas where we feel we can
select a better dog to move
the program forward with,
but they’re still wonderful companions.
So those pets are placed
into companion homes
on spay-neuter agreements
without breeding rights,
and the best dogs from each generation
are used to move our program forward
another degree towards consistency
in the type that we’re producing.
We started with three original imports
into the Chongqing Dog Project,
and two of them were brought over
to the United States already bred
to one of the top dogs in China,
so beyond those original three dogs,
we have another three retained puppies
that are here with us, and several more
retained dogs within the program
that are placed with other new breeders
and members of the Chongqing Dog Project.
– We do have plans over the coming years
to import new dogs from China,
to add to the bloodlines
we currently have,
and to diversify our pedigrees.
– Chongqing dogs are amazing pets.
They are attentive, alert,
and very eager to please.
They’re also very unique.
They are independent,
and if there’s something
that catches their attention
and triggers that prey drive,
they may forget you
exist for a little while
while they go check it out,
but they’ll always be back to want
some more playtime and
some snuggles from you.
The Chongqing breed is a
dominant dog breed overall,
with each other or with other dogs.
They’re not necessarily dominant
and overly assertive towards their humans
They love their people.
But with other dogs,
if another dog wants to
posture in a dominant manner
towards one of the Chongqings,
they generally won’t take it for very long
and they won’t back down.
Now, with any other dog that’s not
extremely dominant and gets in their face,
they usually have a very easygoing
relationship with no problem.
– [Richard] Well, after many
years of breeding for function,
there are not many known
health issues in the breed.
The life expectancy of the Chongqing dog
is approximately 15 years.
– The Chongqing dog
can thrive in a variety
of living or home environments.
They are an active breed,
so I do know of people
who have them in apartments or smaller,
city-type of residences and dwellings,
but those people do provide
and a lot of exercise for their dogs.
They thrive also in areas where they
have a lot of room to run, open fields,
farmlands, pastures, stuff like that,
where they can be active,
which is what they really love to do.
As with any breed, you do wanna train
and socialize your Chongqing puppy.
Socialization is always important.
The Chongqing is a naturally
confident and outgoing breed.
They usually meet new people very easily
with their head up and their tail wagging,
and love to make new friends,
but training is a vital part of
having a respectful,
well-mannered dog as well,
so getting your puppy out early,
getting a lot of socialization,
meeting a lot of new people,
and learning good manners is a key part
to raising a well-mannered adult.
Our black male, his
registered name is Dudon,
is a three-year-old fella that we
imported directly from China.
He’s awesome in his type.
He has a lot of substance, he’s massive,
he’s got this amazing square little head,
and a gorgeous expression.
He’s very, very quirky in his character.
He loves to run, he loves to
play, he loves to have fun,
and when I call him, he’ll always come.
He’s the one dog that will generally
always come running
back to see what I want
and get some more loving before he’s off
booking it to have another adventure.
Now the female that we brought over,
one of the first two females, Cami,
she is an independent spirit.
If there’s something out there that she
thinks she can find, shes’ going after it.
Maybe and Behind are going,
“Hey, come back, come back!”
Doesn’t really matter until she’s
done checking everything out.
When she’s ready, she’ll come back to me,
kind of like a cat like that,
but once she’s snuggled up with you
or in the house or on leash,
you’re introducing her to new people,
she’s the first one to be
right there greeting them,
her tail’s wagging, her
little tongue’s flapping,
and she’s sharing kisses
all the way around.
She loves attention, she
loves to be loved on,
but if you give her the chance
to do what she’s bred to do,
which is run around and
hunt and try to find
something fuzzy to chase, she’s all in.
That’s 100% what her focus is on.
– The Chongqing Dog Project
is really my wife’s passion,
and together, we’ve decided
to pursue it as a team,
and as a result, I’ve got to
meet some really great dogs.
– [Laura] You know, it really
has been something that
we started looking into
probably four years ago,
and I think we researched
the breed for two years
before we decided to buy our first dog,
and then the dog I
decided I wanted to buy,
the best dog that I could find,
wasn’t available for sale yet,
so we put a deposit down on her,
waited another half-year
before we bought her,
and another couple months after that
for her to be bred before
she came to the US,
so it’s been a lot of time and effort
and work that’s gone into it
already, and very rewarding.
I tell you, very exciting when the dogs
first got off the plane and
we got to meet them in person,
it was absolutely awesome, and since then,
it’s been really exciting
getting to know them better,
watching them bond with us,
and starting to move forward
watching the next generation that we’ve
produced here start to grow up,
and having a goal and a vision
to work towards and look forward to
over the next 10 to 15 years of
really seeing these dogs widespread
across the US and recognized
by a number of people as well.
(dramatic Chinese music)