Jack Russell Terrier Dogs 101 Parson Russell Terrier
He’s bold, he’s lively, he’s energetic,
and he’s charming.
Of course, we’re talking about the athletic
dog with the large personality, the Jack Russell
Charismatic and affectionate, the Jack Russell
makes a great pet, but he can be difficult
His outgoing personality has even outstaged
famous actors and gotten him involved in a
bit of a civil war.
Hi, Welcome to Animal Facts.
Today, we look at the dog of constant digging,
the Jack Russell.
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Hunting was once a favorite pastime among
England’s men of property, including men
Some 200 years ago, John Russell, known as
“Jack” to his friends, a priest from Devonshire,
England, wanted an efficient hunting dog and
decided to design exactly the dog he had in
The result was a bold, athletic dog who won
hearts with his quickness, intelligence, determination,
and intense desire to hunt.
Although the records are murky as to what
dogs the Parson used in the process, most
believe it was a collection of white terriers
(a type of dog that is now extinct).
Jack Russell terriers need a lot of structured
training early in life.
The intelligent dogs tend to outsmart the
average dog owner, so the breed is not for
Regardless, no amount of training can get
rid of the dog’s natural instinct to hunt.
They love to run and need a lot of space.
Despite being small, these dogs are not ideal
for apartments or small homes.
Speaking of your yard, it shouldn’t be a
surprise that dogs made for hunting foxes
love to dig.
His small stature is perfect for following
his prey into underground homes.
Yup, he’s an efficient digger.
Unfortunately, that means that your dog is
capable of digging up your back yard at a
It’s probably a good idea to put your fence
a few feet below the ground.
If you have the time and patience to devote
to him, the Jack Russell has many qualities
that make him an ideal family dog.
He’s devoted to his people and loves being
His heritage as a hunting dog makes him an
excellent jogging companion once he’s full
Active older children will find him to be
a happy and affectionate playmate, but his
rambunctious nature can overwhelm younger
However, first-time or timid dog owners would
do well to choose another kind of dog.
The Jack can be a challenge even for an experienced
The Jack Russell Terrier Club of America maintains
an independent registry and considers the
Jack purely a hunting dog, but the Jack Russell
Terrier Association of America (JRTCA) sought
recognition by the American Kennel Club, which
was granted in 2000.
To differentiate it from the dogs registered
by the JRTCA, the American Kennel Club renamed
the breed, calling it the Parson Russell Terrier.
British explorers Ranulph and Ginny Fiennes
traveled to the far ends of the Earth, often
with their Jack Russell terrier, Bothy, in
In 1982, Bothy became the first dog to go
to both the North and South Poles.
The terrier had a plethora of experiences
most little dogs could only dream of, including
a run-in with Arctic wolves.
Anyone who watched Frasier will probably remember
Eddie, the charming Jack Russell.
The charismatic little dog was played by a
Jack Russell named Moose.
Fans loved him so much that the canine got
more fan mail than anyone else on the show,
including show star, Kelsey Grammer.
If you were alive between 1995 and 1998, you
likely remember Wishbone, the time-traveling
canine literature expert of the multiple award-winning
PBS Kids series of the same name.
Wishbone was known as “the little dog with
a big imagination”.
Wishbone was played by a Jack Russell named
Soccer, who got his name thanks to the small
dots on his ear resembling a soccer ball.
He went on to star in more than 50 episodes
of Wishbone and even a movie called Wishbone’s
Dog Days of the West.
Jack Russell terriers come in three different
kinds of waterproof coats: smooth, rough,
Smooth coats have short hair that clings closely
to the body, rough coats have long hair, and
broken coats have a mix of both.
Jack Russells vary widely in size because
different types were used for different purposes
They range in height from 10 to 15 inches
at the shoulder and weigh 13 to 17 pounds.
When the American Kennel Club decided to recognize
the Jack Russell Terrier, it wasn’t well-received
in the United States, stirring a bit of a
They already had their own registry, the Jack
Russell Terrier Club of America, with very
strict standards, and didn’t see any good
that could come out of AKC recognition.
Another group of fanciers felt differently
and formed the Parson Russell Terrier Association
of the United States, the AKC parent club
for the breed.
The American Kennel Club recognized the breed
in 1997, and the name was changed to Parson
Russell Terrier in 2003.
The dogs themselves don’t seem to care.
They have plenty of fervent adherents on both
sides of the fence.
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