RAREST Dog Breeds In The World!
From fluffy dogs that have been around for
thousands of years, to guard dogs that can
take down a jaguar, here are 11 of the rarest
dogs in the world!!
You might mistake this small dog for an ordinary
wet mop, and its fur, for dreadlocks; but
this cute little guy is a skilled cattle herder.
The breed has been herding sheep in Hungary
for over 1000 years!
But there is much debate as to where they
actually came from, with some believing they
came from central Asia, with the Magyar invaders
from Siberia and India.
The Puli works side-by-side with the larger
Komondor dog, which looks like a larger version
of the Puli.
The small dog moves the flock, while the Komondor
offers protection from predators or theft.
It’s also agile, quick, and able to change
The Puli also excels as a watchdog.
When it’s kept in the house, it may need
to go outside frequently to exercise.
It can be loyal, friendly with children, but
remains wary of strangers.
The dog is said to be very happy and easy-going
and many people want them for their cuteness
They have even been successful with police
But, before you consider acquiring a Puli,
keep in mind that you’ll have to spend time
grooming the curls to ensure your dog is looking
good and not a matted mes!
FYI, the curls can take several days to dry
after a bath.
10: Fila Brasileiro
Also called the Brazilian Mastiff, the Fila
Brasileiro is a dog breed indigenous to Brazil.
It’s known for its hatred of strangers,
and aggressive tendencies, but it’s very
loyal and protective of its owner which is
why they are excellent guard dogs.
They will protect their owner, family members
and family pets once they understand they
are part of its pack.
Don’t blame the Fila for its temperament
and aggression, since it was bred to be a
tough guardian, herder, and hunter by plantation
It’s great cattle dog and was taught to
hold prey by the neck until the hunter arrived
to make the final kill so you can imagine
how strong they are!
They weren’t bred for joking around!!
They were used to take down Jaguars and wild
boars, and hold them down without getting
This breed is not recommended as a household
pet, since it would most likely terrorize
These dogs were used by the Brazilian army
in extremely hostile conditions and were very
In countries where they do show the Brazilian
Mastiff, the judges don’t go near it.
Visual examination only!!
It’s illegal to keep the Brazilian Mastiff
in 16 countries, for example Denmark, Norway,
Malta, Cyprus, and the United Kingdom without
explicit permission by the courts.
Where it’s legal to keep one, an insurance
company may cancel the homeowner’s policy.
Don’t let the slender appearance of the
Azawakh fool you.
It might be gentle and affectionate, but it’s
also an energetic, strong guardian dog.
The breed comes from the Azawagh Valley in
West Africa, where it was traditionally kept
by the nomadic Tuareg people, who inhabit
the vast Sahara region.
It belongs to the sighthound family, which
consists of canine sprinters that depend on
their blazing pace to hunt their prey.
This breed has been around for thousands of
years and was brought to Europe in the 1970’s
and the United States in the 1980’s.
As you can imagine for a scent hound, they
have an excellent sense of smell and are used
to chasing down fast things like rabbits and
The Azawakh is nearly impervious to heat which
has enabled it to thrive in some of the harshest
environments on the planet.
What’s more, it can run in temperatures
of more than 100 degrees Fahrenheit, which
would cause other dogs to overheat and die
from heat stroke.
They are some of the most expensive dogs in
the world, costing about $3000 and up.
The Otterhound is considered one of the most
endangered dog breeds in the world today.
There are only about 1000 of them worldwide.
These dogs were bred in Britain as far back
as the 1100’s.
They originally hunted in packs and as their
name suggests, they were bred specifically
to hunt otters which at the time, were a menace.
As the centuries went by, river otter hunting
became more of a sport.
The breed as it is now is thought to have
emerged in the early 1800s.
The Otterhound is highly adapted for swimming
in the water.
It’s slightly oily undercoat makes the dog
water-resistant and it needs to be brushed
often to prevent matting.
It has a sharp nose that can track scents
in mud and in the water with no problem!
The otterhound even has webbed feet that allow
it to dive and swim very well.
They are very vocal dogs too, known to produce
a loud, deep bay, which can be heard over
long distances and they are known for their
happy and energetic personality.
When otter hunts became a widespread sport,
the otter numbers in Britain quickly dwindled
between the 1950s and 1970s.
In addition to being hunted, river otters
suffered greatly due to pesticides that were
being washed into the waterways.
In 1978, a voluntary halt was put into effect
and the species was placed on the list of
In 1977, there were nine registered otterhound
Now, there is only one remaining purebred
pack in England.
The Mudi is a herding dog from Hungary.
Usually bred for farms, they are incredibly
versatile and smart!
They are known for being able to herd even
the most stubborn livestock.
They have wavy and curly hair and a long nose
and can come in a variety of colors.
It can work, guard, offer companionship, and
is a great mouse hunter too!
It’s also known for being a good tracker,
and a talented competitor in agility, frisbee
and herding competitions.
The breed was first discovered in 1936 by
Dr. Dezso Fenyes, the director of the Museum
The breed was almost lost as many were killed
during World War II.
In 1966, Dr. Zoltan Balassy filed for the
breed’s official FCI inclusion, basing the
standards on a handful of the remaining Mudis.
A few people have been involved in the breeding
of the dog up to the present day and they
are beginning to catch on.
Some have been exported overseas, and the
breed’s world population is now estimated
at 1,500 dogs.
6: American Foxhound
The American foxhound is one of the oldest
dog breeds in the United States, and may even
be the first dog breed developed in the states.
In the 1600’s several were brought over
to the American colonies from England and
George Washington himself was a known breeder
of fox hounds.
Fun fact: He was a known dog lover who is
said to have owned every group of dog officially
recognized by the American Kennel Club.
The American foxhound was bred to hunt foxes
and other game while relying on scent and
They can chase prey for hours and need a lot
They make lots of noise with loud howls that
you can hear for miles!
Despite being recognized as a purebred in
1886 by the AKC, it’s one of the rarest
dog species in America.
The Foxhound has much more to offer besides
its refined hunting skills.
They are very good-natured, docile and sweet
and acts shy around strangers.
The dog is also known for its independence
and stubbornness, particularly when it picks
up a scent.
Due to its innate hunting instinct, the American
foxhound is not really suited to city life.
5: Lagotto Romagnolo
The lagotto romagnolo dates back to the 1400’s
in Italy and was bred as a water retriever
for the marshes of Romagna.
It was also known as a gundog and their sense
of smell makes them very helpful in looking
for truffles, the most expensive food in the
They are often shown in many paintings from
the Renaissance era and while there might
not be many around the world, they are near
and dear to Italy!
They have a waterproof coat that is very soft,
and their curly hair rarely sheds.
Besides being famous for being cute, they
are hardy, obedient, intelligent, and affectionate.
When roughly translated, its name means, the
‘lake dog from Romagna.’
The breed can work all day and does well in
all kinds of terrain, the wetter and more
exciting, the better!
When the marshes were drained in the 1800’s,
they were no longer as needed for their hunting
Now they are mostly kept as pets, and are
best with people who are active so they can
be outside playing, digging and swimming!
They are also being used for research into
epilepsy and as support dogs so their numbers
are now rising.
4: Swedish Vallhund
The Swedish Vallhund is a small and long herding
dog that is energetic and playful, like its
Historians believe that they were bred 1200
years ago to herd livestock and move them
over long distances.
These little Viking dogs are tough and what
it lacks in size, it makes up for in self-confidence
It organizes cattle by nipping the hooves,
but it must avoid being kicked.It’s also
known for being energetic, alert, and fearless.
Funnily enough, even though they are from
Sweden, they don’t do well in the snow or
in very cold weather because of their short
In 1942, the Swedish Vallhund almost disappeared
completely but were revived by two swedes
Since then, the breed has been officially
recognized and bred in over 10 countries.
This brave dog is still used in small Swedish
farms, and it’s valued for its speed and
As a pet, it gets along with children and
3: Thai Ridgeback
The Thai Ridgeback is a muscular dog known
for being tough and energetic.
It’s originally from Thailand, where it
was bred as a hunting dog that could kill
dangerous prey such as wild boar and cobras.
Thai Ridgebacks also escorted carts and has
been used for home security and as guard dogs
for many years.
The breed has remained unchanged for hundreds
of years due to their geographic isolation.
It is only one of three breeds of dogs with
an actual ridge on its back, besides the Phu
Quoc Ridgeback from Vietnam, and the Rhodesian
ridgeback from South Africa.
The ridge is formed when the hair grows in
the opposite direction along the dog’s back.
The Thai Ridgeback has eight distinct ridge
patterns, and the wider the ridge the more
prized the dog is.
It’s estimated that there are about 1,000
Thai Ridgebacks outside Thailand.
You can find them in countries such as Spain,
Slovenia, Italy, and in the United States.
But, it can be a handful for a novice dog
Since they were usually treated as guard dogs,
they did not often have human contact and
they are very independent.
They are great jumpers and love to roam too!
However, if they are socialized and treated
properly from a young age, they are loyal
and loving pets.
2: Caucasian Shepherd Dog
Also called the ‘Russian Bear Dog,’ the
Caucasian shepherd dog is a powerful canine
that is giant!!
It descended from the ancient Caucasian Mountain
dog, a lineage that is believed to go back
Males are larger and more powerfully built
A male can weigh as much as 200 pounds (90kg),
and stand at 70 cm!
The breed has a thick double coat and a lavish
mane, like the Tibetan Mastiff, which enables
it to survive in polar environments.
Originally, the dog was used by shepherds
in the Caucasus Mountains to defend their
flocks from predators such as bears, wolves,
It has also been successfully introduced in
Georgia, where it’s used to guard cattle.
Due to its strength and fierceness, it’s
used in some of the toughest prisons in Russia.
1: Norwegian Lundehund
Also called the Puffin Dog, this ancient breed
was developed to hunt puffins, which are small
seabirds that obtain their food by diving
for fish in the ocean.
From the Viking Age to modern times, puffins
have been sought for their meat, feathers,
But puffin hunting is difficult because the
birds build nests on small shelves edged on
steep coastal cliffs, and in rock crevices.
Nevertheless, the Norwegian Lundehund could
hunt puffins well, because of its unique adaptations.
It has six toes, instead of the usual four
per foot as in other canines.
The Lundehund can bend its head backward,
and touch its spine and it could easily turn
around in narrow puffin caves.
Its forelegs are especially flexible and capable
of bending at 90 degrees like a human arm.
When hunters adopted a technique called sky
fishing, which relied on nets to capture diving
puffins, Lundehunds became obsolete.
By 1900, Lundehunds only lived in the village
of Mostad, which had a population of about
In 1963, following a severe outbreak of distemper,
there were only six members left.
Thanks to revival efforts, there are approximately
600 puffin dogs in Norway and about 350 in
the United States.
Since they are a guard breed, they are known
to be fierce and confident, but they are very
devoted and friendly to their own family,
including other pets!
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